Innovative and integrated approaches to water, energy and food security management are required in the Zambezi Basin are required to optimize to use of resources, balance competing demands and maximize benefits. As the three sectors are inextricably linked, uncoordinated development and management in one area has the capacity to negatively impact on the others.
Food security is under threat in the Zambezi River Basin following a prediction of El Niño weather during the 2015/16 agricultural season.The rainfall outlook released by experts at the 19th Southern African Regional Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF-19) held late August in 2015 in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, indicates that southern Africa is expected to receive insufficient rainfall from October 2015 to March 2016.
The planet is heating up, almost certainly due to the increase in greenhouse gases caused by human activity, and the signs are beginning to show. Debate on climate change and its link to natural disasters has been revived in the wake of recent floods that inundated some parts of the Zambezi river basin following a prolonged drought.